Dr. Harjit S. Anand

Harjit Anand synthesizes in his personality the twin streams of intellectual creativity and empathy for the poor. He took a BA (Honours) degree in Political Science with Economics as the main subsidiary from the University of Delhi. Having a multi-disciplinary bent of mind, he went on to do his MA in Sociology from the Delhi School of Economics. Thereafter, he did his Ph.D on “Directive Principles of State Policy and attitude orientation at the LBS National Academy of Administration” from the Faculty of Social Sciences of the Maharishi Dayanand University (MDU). His Ph.d thesis sought to analyse the attitudinal orientation of civil servants with reference to their socio-economic background in the context of the theories of Karl Mannheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber. Anand joined the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) in 1973 and worked in senior administrative positions in select areas: Democratic Decentralisation & Rural Poverty Alleviation

In the early years of his career, Anand served as Chief Executive Officer of the Small Farmers Development Agency (SFDA) and Marginal Farmers & Agricultural Labourers(MFAL) agency providing loans at subsidized interest rates for cattle farming, poultry, piggery and allied activities to rural poor in collaboration with the Panchayati Raj institutions. Anand served as District Magistrate of Karnal District of Haryana and gave a new direction to the management of the Integral Rural Development Programme (IRDP) through continuous dialogue with villagers and other Stake-holders with a view to enhancing their incomes through viable supplementary economic activities. As Director, Panchayatis’ Department and joint Secretary Development & Panchayats, he undertook measures for strengthening the financial resources of Panchayats. He worked with the Ministry of Rural Development as a member of a special group which interacted with the National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD) to develop a framework for setting-up State Institutes of Rural Development (SIRDs) in every State for providing training to office-bearers of Panchayati Raj Institutions and staff working under IRDP with a view to strengthening their managerial capabilities. Education & Youth Development

Anand, as Director of the Haryana Institute of Public Administration and subsequently as its Director General(in two different spells), led a team of professionals and researchers in organising a large number of training programs for senior and middle level officers in the fields of democratic decentralization, financial management, poverty alleviation, health management, urban development, gender sensitivity, synergy between the DM, SSP, & District & Sessions judge and allied areas of good governance. In his second spell, he spearheaded a special group to prepare the first Human Development Report of Haryana. As Dean of Students’of the Maharishi Dayanand University at Rohtak, he led students and faculty members to organise several cultural, sports and allied activities for nurturing the all-round personality of students. As the first Controller of Examinations of this University, he build a team of university officers who successfully conducted Pre-Medical Test, MBBS and other undergraduate examinations as well as MD, MSc & MA examinations relating to the faculties of Humanities, Languages and Sciences. He also held the charge of Director Planning & Development and designed the Vision Statement of the University as well as skilfully managed its relations with the University Grants Commission for augmenting its financial resources. As Director of Sports and Students & Youth Welfare Departments of Haryana, Anand designed the Sports Policy of the State, strengthened the cadre of coaches and developed several schemes for construction of stadia at the district level, setting-up of Sports Hotels for talented sports persons as well as recognising sports persons by instituting annual State Awards to be presented by the Governor of Haryana. As head of the Directorate of Youth Welfare, he was part of the team which organised the National Cultural Convention of Nehru Yuvak Kendras(NYKS) in India. Anand was also selected to be a member of a national core group for organising the Asian Games held at Delhi in 1982. Financial & Industrial Management

As Joint Secretary, Finance and Manpower Planning of Haryana, Anand was responsible for preparing the Budget of the State as well as for regularly monitoring the State’s ways and means position. He was also deeply involved in ensuring that the State observes prudential norms of fiscal and financial management. Anand served as Managing Director of the Haryana State Small Industries & Export Corporation and significantly increased the turnover of the Company and its profitability by enhancing the sale of steel products to SSI units, the sale of handicrafts through a chain of emporia in metropolitan cities and export of home furnishings, hand tools and basmati rice to USA, Europe and Middle East. As MD of this Corporation, Anand was elected as Chairman of the Council of Small Industries’ Corporations of India (COSICI) and in this capacity he developed COSICI as a strong advocacy group for promotion of the Small Scale Industries (SSI) Sector. Anand also served as MD of the Haryana Agro-Industries Corporation (HAIC) and transformed a sick company into a vibrant, profit-making one by selective closure of plants, strengthening of some plants by supplementary production and procurement of distribution rights of major brands of tractors in Haryana State for strengthening services provided by Farmers’ Service Centres. Further, he played a significant role in the procurement of wheat for FCI and thereby substantially enhanced the profitability of the Corporation. Labour, Informal Sector, Employment & Urban Poverty Alleviation

As Director, Ministry of Urban Affairs of the Central Government, Anand was a critical member of the team which facilitated the national consultative process for promulgating the 74 Constitutional Amendment Act. A landmark Act which laid the foundation for enhancing the functions, financial resources and control over larger numbers functionaries by the Urban Local Bodies (ULDs) in India. Anand was also in the vanguard of designing and implementing India’s first major urban poverty alleviation program: the Nehru Rozgar Yojna which involved skilling, micro-credit and setting-up micro-enterprises; promotion of housing for Economically Weaker Sections of Society, and provision of wage-employment to the poor through public works. Further, he was also instrumental in developing the program of Urban Basic Services for the Poor in collaboration with UNICEF with focus on providing basic civic amenities and social services in low-income, urban settlements. As Commissioner & Secretary of the Department of Labour & Employment in Haryana, Anand not only maintained industrial peace and security in the State but also worked in tandem with Swami Agnivesh, a leading social activist, in providing substantive relief to bonded labourers emancipated from mines located in Faridabad. Further, he took steps for reforming labour exchanges and promoting self-employment ventures. During this tenure, The Ministry of Labour, Government of India nominated him as a member of three key national bodies: Indian Labour Conference, the National Provident Fund Board and the Board of the ESIC which provides health coverage to workers in the country. Anand vindicated his membership of these national bodies by serving them with sincerity and dedication. Midstream in his career, Anand went on foreign service to serve as Mission Leader for the Informal Sector in the International Labour Organisation (UN) at its India Office. In this capacity, he managed several Action Research projects pertaining to the Informal Sector in India: Construction workers at street-corner labour markets and petty contractors in the National Capital Region; Scarp collectors, retailers, wholesalers and recycling industries in Pune; and handicraftsmen pertaining to Silver Filigree, Pattachitra paintings, Wood-carvings, Stone-carving, Coir and Appliqué work in Orissa. The assignment entailed providing direction and guidance to several consultants involved in Action Research Studies. The project resulted in seven publications brought-out by ILO. Spatial Planning, Infrastructure Finance and Urban Development

As Principal Commissioner of the Delhi Development Authority, Anand worked with planners, architects and engineers in relation to spatial planning, provision of low cost housing to the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) of society and the middle class. The Lt. Governor of Haryana appointed Anand as Chairman of a Committee charged with studying the possibility of involving the Private Sector in land assembly and housing-construction in collaboration with DDA. Anand spear-headed this Committee to produce a landmark Report on the involvement of the Private Sector in Land assembly and Construction of Housing Apartments. In 2006, the Government of India appointed Anand as the Member Secretary of the prestigious National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB). The Board is charged with providing spatial planning inputs for a region spread over 33,000 Sq. kms. It is headed by the Urban Minister of Urban Development and has amongst its members, the Chief Ministers of Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh & Rajasthan. During this stint, Anand upheld the key principles of spatial planning enshrined in the NCR Plan 2020 and provided technical assistance to Member States for preparing Sub-Regional Plans. The Board also worked as a Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) and provided large loans for infrastructure projects within the Region by raising financial resources from the Capital Market by issuing Capital Gains-free Bonds. Anand developed and enforced a strict regime of financial discipline by maintaining tightly structured ascrow accounts against loans to public bodies and thereby enabled NCRPB to secure a AAA rating from CRISIL for Bonds. As Secretary, Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India, Anand led a team of officers at the Ministry for formulating the National Housing & Habitat Policy. This policy is the current policy of India. He also managed the Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) relating to a large Housing Program for the poor combined with provision of basic services in low-income neighborhoods through a rigorous Project Analysis System, detailed MIS & periodic evaluation. Further, he gave a new impetus to the Swaran Jayanti Shehri Rozgar Yojna, the country’s major urban poverty alleviation program involving employment generation through skills up-gradation for private sector placements; and provision of technical training, and systematic entrepreneurial inputs for micro-credit and promotion of small enterprises.

International Experience

Anand’s career has been interspersed with several interesting international experiences: In the late 1970s, the Ministry of Human Resources Development of the Government of India choose Anand to lead a Youth Goodwill Delegation to Japan to strengthen Indo-Japan ties. On return, he authored a Report giving the salient features of a new scheme for setting-up a Centre for Youth Development in India dedicated to Jaiprakash Narayan. In 1980, Anand was sent to Russia to study the organisation of the Olympic Games at Moscow and Leningrad preparatory to India’s bid for organising the Asian Games at Delhi in 1982. On return he wrote a detailed Report on the Organisation of the XXII Olympiad. In 1982, Anand was sent to Brisbane, Australia to study the organisation of the Commonwealth Games which were opened by Prince Phillip on 30th September. The objective of this visit was to use the experience gained for organising the Asian Games in Delhi. On return from Brisbane, Anand was appointed as the Director of Competitions for Gymnastics at the Asian Games in Delhi (1982). He successfully organised the Gymnastics Competitions at the Asian Games (1982) and also documented it by producing a detailed Report on the organisation of the event. In 1984, Anand went to UK as a Visiting Professional to the Overseas Development Group, a consultancy organisation closely associated with the University of East Anglia at Norwich for nine months. During the course of this visit, he authored a substantive monograph titled “Socio-Economic Perspective on Development.”

In 1988, Anand as Executive Director of the Haryana Institute of Public Administration, was sent as a member of a Government of India delegation to study leading training institutions in Europe such as the Royal Institute of Public Administration (London), the Civil Services College (Suminingdale, UK), the training and dispute resolution frameworks in Sweden with special emphasis on the institution of the Ombudsman and the Ecole Nationale d’ Administration (Paris). In the early 1990s, as Director, Urban Poverty Alleviation in the Ministry of Urban Affairs (Govt. of India), Anand co-ordinated a Canadian Aid (IDRC) research project relating to the nutritional status of the urban poor in selected slums of Bombay, Calcutta and Delhi. In this capacity, he along with three leading academicians in-charge of slum studies in the selected cities, studied slum interventions in Bangkok (Thailand), Jakarta (Indonesia) and Manila (Philippines). This group put together a detailed study for improving the health-status of slum dwellers in India with special focus on malnutrition in women and children. While the Canadian IDRC Project was being undertaken in selected cities of India, Anand got deeply involved in drafting a new scheme for the Government of India titled Urban Basic Services for the Poor (UBSP) with emphasis on civic amenities and social services combined together as a major slum initiative based on convergence. This scheme had its roots in UNICEF’s Urban Basic Services initiative in Hyderabad. Anand also developed a documentary film on UBSP. Thereafter, he was invited by UNICEF to showcase the new Scheme and present the film on it at the international Consultation on “Strategies for Poverty Alleviation in Urban Areas” at its HQs in New York. Close on the heels of formulating the UBSP Scheme, Anand was sent to the prestigious Management Sciences for Health at Boston. At this institution, Anand developed a detailed strategy for improving the health status of slum dwellers through a basket of focused interventions. In 1993, Anand was selected by the Ministries of External Affairs and Urban Affairs to represent India at the Expert Group Conference of the G-15 countries on “Self-propelling Growth” held at Jakarta (Indonesia) and was unanimously elected as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. As Chairman of this Drafting Committee, Anand’s team prepared a set of substantive recommendations on “Self-propelling Growth” based on cooperation between developing countries. In 1998, Anand presented a Paper on “Conceptual boundaries and definitions of Famine: An integrated theoretical perspective” at the World Congress of Sociology held at Montreal (Canada).

In 1999, Anand started an interesting journey with the ILO initially as an External Collaborator and produced two Reports, one on the “Needs Assessment of the Construction Sector in Delhi and its periphery” and the second on “the Urban Informal Sector in India.” In October 1999, Anand joined the ILO Office in India on a full-time basis as Mission Leader of the Informal Sector on foreign service. During his tenure with the ILO, Anand was part of the Disaster Management Team which went to Orissa to study the aftermath of the Orissa Super Cyclone or Paradip Cyclone which hit Orissa in 1999 and claimed about 10,000 lives. The Team suggested remedial measures for dealing with the aftermath of the Cyclone both on a short and long term basis. As part of his substantive assignment with the ILO, Anand was involved in conducting several Action Research Studies on the Informal Sector in India: Stone Carvers, Wood Carvers, Pattachitra Painters, Coir products’ makers, Appliqué products’ makers and Filigree artisans in Orissa; Scrap Collectors, Scrap Traders and Recycling Enterprises in Pune; and Construction workers, Brick-klin workers, Street-corner labour markets and Micro-entrepreneurs in the construction sector in the National Capital Region of Delhi. During the course of his tenure at the ILO, Anand also made a substantive presentation on “The Indian Informal Economy” at the ILO HQs in Geneva. On returning from the ILO, Anand joined as Director General of the Haryana Institute of Public Administration in 2002 and continued his association with the ILO. In 2002, he worked as a Consultant with the ILO to prepare the substantive recommendations of the National Consultation on the Informal Sector held in the preceding year as well as develop a documentary film on the “Indian Informal Economy.” In 2003-04, Anand worked with the ILO to study four Districts in India- Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh, Mukhtsar in Punjab, Cuttack in Orrisa and Chittor in Andhra Pradesh for making an assessment of their Labour Markets and employment potential on adoption of a pro-active policy for development of the Informal Sector. In 2002, Anand was invited by the University of Loughborough (UK) to present a paper on “Social Aspects of Construction and the Indian Informal Economy” at the International Workshop on “Social Aspects of Construction” supported by DFID at Cape Town (South Africa) with a view to developing an appropriate legislative framework for protecting the rights of construction workers and designing a social security system for them. Further in 2002, Anand participated in the World Congress of Sociology held in Brisbane (Australia) and presented a paper on “the Definition, features and potential of the Informal Sector.” In 2003, Anand was selected by the Government of India as a member of a group of senior officers for studying critical aspects of Distance Learning through a consultative process with the Open University at Milton Keynes, Manchester Metropolitan University, University of Birmingham, World Bank Institute (Washington D.C.), Global Development Learning Network (Washington D.C.), University of Alberta at Edmonton, North Alberta Institute of Technology, the Canadian Education Centre Network at Vancouver, San Jose State University(California) and the Stanford Centre for Professional development at the Stanford University. As a consequence of this consultative process, the group produced a substantive Report on the salient aspects of Distance Learning as an instrument of Human Resource Development. In 2006, Anand participated in the World Congress of Sociology in Durban (South Africa) and presented a Paper on “The Nature of the Informal Sector as borne out by three sub-sector specific studies.” During this World Congress, he was unanimously elected as President of “Famine & Society” Working Group (05) of the International Sociological Association. In 2006, Anand also presented a Paper on ‘The Sociology of Unequal Competition,’ at a meeting of intellectuals & academicians organized by Fatima Meer in Durban (2006).Further, during the World Congress of Sociology at Durban in 2006, Anand presented a Paper on “The Nature of the Informal Sector as borne out by three sub-sector specific studies.” During this World Congress, he was unanimously elected as President of “Famine & Society” )Working Group 05) of the International Sociological Association.

In 2007, Anand in his capacity as Secretary, Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation (Government of India), went to Stockholm (Sweden) to present a Keynote Address on “Innovative Models of Slum Up gradation & Rehabilitation” at an ADB Seminar held as a collaborative event during the World Water Week. In June 2008, Anand presided over the Inter-Congress International Conference on “Poverty and Marginalization in a Globalized World” at the University of Lodz (Poland) and gave an address on the Relationship between the Organised & Unorganised Sectors on a Globalized World. Again in 2008, Anand went to Ethiopia, Zambia, Botswana and South Africa leading an Indian delegation focusing on Alternate Building Materials, Innovative Building Technologies & low cost Housing as part of the Ministry of External Affairs’ initiative on “Indo-African Cooperation.” In the same year, Anand went to Brasilia (Brazil) and presented a paper on “Integrated in situ Slum Rehabilitation” at the Government of Brazil’s premier institute dedicated to policy and program development. He also visited the cities of Rio d’ Janerio and Sao Paulo to have a first-hand experience of Brazilian initiatives in Slum Upgardation and Re-development. In 2009, after retiring as the Secretary of the Minister of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, Anand joined GTZ International, a large consultancy organisation owned by the German Government as Senior Adviser. In 2009, Anand was invited by the Government of Brazil to participate in the “International Colloquium on Social Development” and presented a Paper on “Social Capital as a lever for accelerating economic growth during the economic meltdown.” In this eventful year, Anand was also unanimously elected as Co-President of the Euro-India Centre at its Board Meeting in Paris. This organisation is dedicated to bringing statesmen, businessmen, civil servants and intellectuals together from India and Europe on developmental themes for nurturing a shared future. In 2010, Anand attended the World Congress of Sociology at Gothenburg (Sweden) and presented a Paper on “Sociology of the Indian Informal Sector.” At this Congress, he was again elected unanimously as President of “Famine & Society (WG05) of the ISA. As Co-President of the Euro-India Centre along with Collette Mathur, ably assisted by Michael Sabatier and Guillermo Rodriguez, the team organised a Euro India Summit on “Leveraging Urban Legacy for Sustainable City Development”, at Valladolid in Spain (4th to 6th Oct, 2009). The Summit of the Euro-India Centre in Spain was followed in 2011 & 2012 by two more Summits:

• “City Vision: Reinventing Dynamic and Sustainable Cities” at Halle, Germany (Oct 10th to 12th Oct., 2010) and • Leuven in Belgium on “Smart, Sustainable and Innovative Cities”, (13 to 14 Oct. 2011). In order to make the Summit at Leuven a success, Anand developed the technical parameters of the Environmentally Sustainable City Index (ESCI) and this index became the basis for awarding the Environmentally Sustainable City Award (ESCA) to Mysore and Vijayawada in the category for Indian Cities. In 2012 Dr. Anand chaired the Session on “Tracking Poverty and Vulnerability: Role of the Informal Sector” under the aegis of Famine & Society (WG05) held at the Second ISA Forum at Buenos Aries, Argentina in August, 2012. In 2014, Dr. Anand chaired the Session on “Sociology of Poverty, Informal Sector and Job-Creation” under the aegis of Famine & Society (WG 05) held at the XVIIIth World Congress of Sociology organized by the International Sociological Association at Yokohama, Japan from 13th to 19th July, 2014. Humanitarian, literary and broadcasting activities Some examples of professional and humanitarian recognition that came Dr. Anand’s way are given below: • Distinguished Fellowship Award from the Institute of Directors. • Received Commendation for valuable services rendered the Indian Red Cross. • Appreciation Letter from the Government of Haryana for distinguished services relating to leprosy eradication. • Recognition from the Election Commissioner of India for outstanding work in the Langleng, Mokokchung and Wokha districts of Nagaland.

Select Presenatations & Publications

Anand has been a prolific writer and speaker on different aspects of development. A few select publications and presentations are given below: • Chapter on “Strengthening Urban Low Income and Slum Families to respond to child needs” in the “Urban Child – Issues and Strategies” published by N.I.U.A., Planning Commission, MoUD & UNICEF (1993). • Chapter on “Socio-Cultural Perspective on Development” in “Culture and Development – the Indian Situation” published by the Centre for Cultural Resources and Training (1995). • Chapter on “Integrated Provision of Basic Services in Urban India” in “Integrated Urban Infrastructure Development in Asia” Edited by Kulwant Singh, Florian Steinberg, Nathaneil von Einsiedel and published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi (1996). • A monograph on “Construction Workers in Delhi – An Informal Sector Study” for the ILO India Office (1999).

• Chapter on “Linkages between Informal & Formal Sectors – Some Findings from Micro-level Studies” in “Informal Sector in India – Perspective & Policies” edited by A. Sharma & A. Kundu & published by IHD & IAMR (2001). • Chapter on “Labour Policy and Employment in the Informal Economy” in the book “India: Labour and Employment Scenario in the 21st Century,” edited by V.S.Jafa, published by New Century Publications (2001). • A publication titled “Nature of the Informal Economy & Three Sectoral Studies,” brought-out by the ILO, Geneva (2001). • A publication titled “Construction Sector Workers, Street Corner Markets, Micro-Enterprises & the Demonstration Initiative in Delhi” brought-out by the ILO, Geneva (2001). • A publication titled “Informal Economy and the Way Forward” brought-out by the ILO, Geneva (2001).

• Chapter on “Labour Policy and Employment in the Informal Economy” in the book “India: Labour and Employment Scenario in the 21st Century,” edited by V.S.Jafa, published by New Century Publications (2001). • “Informal Economy as the Lever for Employment-based Economic Growth,” a presentation made to the Planning Commission of India (2004). • Presentation on ‘the Sociology of Unequal Competition,’ at the World Congress of Sociology held at Durban (South Africa) in 2006. • Paper on “Partnerships in Urban Governance” presented at the National Seminar on Urban Governance organised by AMDA (2006).

• Presentation on Sustainable development from the urban perspective at IV International Conf. on Environmental Education at CEE, Ahmadabad (2007). • A Paper on the “Sociology of the Indian Informal Sector” presented at the XVII World Congress of Sociology at Gothenburg, Sweden (2010). • A Chapter on “Social capital as a lever for accelerating economic growth during the economic meltdown”in a book titled “Politicas sociais para o desinvolvimento: supercar a pobreza e promover a inclusao” published by UNESCO,UNDP & Ministerio do Desenvolvimento social e combate a Fome (2010).” • Presentation on “Environmental Sustainability in Cities” presented at the 5th EuroIndia Summit on “Smart Sustainable & Innovative Cities” held on 13-14 October, 2011 at Leaven in Belgium. • Presentation on “Corporate social responsibility and environmental sustainability” at the ‘Master Class for Directors' organized by the Institute of Directors (2011). • Presentation on “Urban planning, poverty alleviation and slums upgradation” at the Haryana Institute of Public Administration (2012). • Presentation on “Cross cultural diversity management” at a program organized by the Institute of Applied Manpower Research (2012).

• Presentation on “Land as a resource for developing the National Capital Region” at a conference on “Global Initiative for Restructuring Environment & Management” organized by GIREM and Certes Realty (2012). • Presentation on “Water as a human right and an innovative system of water management” at a seminar organized by the Centre for Social Justice and Democracy (2012). • Presented a Paper on “ Sociology of the Informal Sector: a seed of Economic Growth” under the aegis of Famine & Society (WG05) held at the Second Forum of the International Sociological Association at Buenos Aries, Argentina in August, 2012. • Presentation on “Conflict Management” made at a program organized by the Institute of Applied Manpower Research (2013).

• Paper presented on “Employment in Informal Sector” presented at the “International Training Program on Human Resource Planning & Development” at the Institute of Applied Manpower Research (2013). • Presented a Paper on “Nature of the Indian Informal Sector & Relief through an appropriate Micro-Business Development cum Social Security Framework” under the aegis of Famine & Society (WG 05) at the XVIIIth World Congress of Sociology organized by the International Sociological Association at Yokohama, Japan from 13th to 19th July, 2014. • Paper on “People-centric approach to Governance within a Structural-Functional Framework” presented at the International Conference on “Gandhiji, Gram Swaraj and Democratic Decentralization” organized by the Kerala Institute of Local Administration at Thrissur (Kerala) in India from 27th to 29th Nov. 2014. • Plenary Address on “Green Economy and Sustainable Development” given at the International Conference on “Development, Biodiversity and Climate Change: Issues & Challenges” organized by the Post Graduate Govt. College (Himachal Pradesh University) at Chamba in India from 3-5 Oct., 2014. • Inaugural Address on “ Education that makes a person Employable and Humane” given at Seminar organized by the Rashtriya Chetnashakti Foundation in a Seminar at the YMCA University of Science & Technology on 14th October, 2014. • Presentation on “Cross-Cultural Management” at the Program on “Human Capabilities” organised by the Institute of Applied Research, New Delhi, (31st March, 2015). • Presentation on “Planning for Slum-free Cities” for the M.Tech. Program on “Urban Development and Management” organised by TERI University (28th April, 2015). • Keynote Address on “Green and Inclusive Cities” at the Regional Workshop on “Low Carbon, Green Growth for Local Governments” organised by CRRID in Chandigarh (22-23 July, 2015). • Address on “Integrated Approach to Employment Generation-‘Sapt Sindhu’ Perspective on NULM” at the Centre for Research in Rural & Industrial Development, Chandigarh ( 16th Feb. 2016).organised by CRRID. • Keynote Address on “Global Warming, Carbon Emissions & Climate Change” at the Seminar organised by Rashtriya Chetnashakti Foundation and YMCA University of Science & Technology, Faridabad (India) on 21st January, 2016.

Art & Literature

Harjit Anand is an avid advocate of the power of theatre and cinematic expression. A few examples are listed below: • Wrote and produced a television feature on Apartheid built around the life of Fatima Meer, political activist in South Africa. • Directed Saul Bellow’s ‘Orange Souffle.’ • Wrote and directed ‘Every Story is a Question’ for Fellowship Week of YWCA. • Wrote and directed ‘Search for a Meaning – the Indian Saga’ sponsored by N. Delhi YMCA at Kamani Auditorium & Mavalankar Hall in 1997. • Wrote the Script & recorded Commentary for a film on ‘Urban Basic Services’ for UNICEF, India. • Wrote the Script and recorded the Commentary for a film on the Indian Informal Sector titled ‘Invisible but Real’ made for the ILO (UN). • Directed and produced a short file titled “Anandini- the Goddess of Creative Joy” for SPIC-MACAY.